We produced a comprehensive Gas Master Plan for Afghanistan (with Sofregaz). This included a comprehensive review of the energy sector, energy balance and pricing, oil and gas reserves, gas market study, gas transmission and distribution networks, economic analysis and tariffs, environmental impact review, sources of financing. Ten years later, the predictions of the Energy Markets / Sofregaz Gas Master Plan were able to be tested against actual outcomes, and they proved to have been the most accurate of all studies made, in terms of recoverable reserves, production rates, downstream demand predictions and infrastructure requirements. We also obtained and interpreted geological resource data from Russia for Afghanistan (the first and only international project to do so).
We established a legal and regulatory framework for Afghanistan. The final report contained: a draft framework gas law, proposals for a regulatory secretariat, a gas sector road map, template gas sales agreement and pricing, billing and metering, recommendations and next steps.
Support to international oil and gas licensing round (with Adam Smith International): We presented international best practice in petroleum tendering and its application to Afghanistan, as part the analysis after the first largely unsuccessful licensing round in Afghanistan. After the post round analysis, of which this formed a part, the second attempt at the first licensing round was much more successful.
Extensive management support was provided to the 89 km pipeline project from Sheberghan gas fields (Khoja Gogardak) to Mazar-e-Sharif (Northern Fertiliser Power Plant, NFPP), to supply a sustainable flow of gas to the fertiliser and power plant. The Project had two phases: Phase One was to rehabilitate 15 km of the pipeline and Phase Two was to replace the 89 km pipeline with a new pipeline.
Design of gas tenders for Totimaidan oil and gas block: The team took part in drafting the Gas Sales and Purchase Agreement (GSPA) and the gas pricing strategy for the Government. This will result in the generation of billions of dollars in revenue for the country and will act a pillar for sustainable energy in the future.
In November 2011, the World Bank, through the Sustainable Development of Natural Resources Project, funded specialists to assist the government in (a) improving governance and regulatory frameworks to better administer the sector, and (b) the preparation and execution of a tender of the first four blocks in Hajigak. The Ministry of Mines awarded mineral rights to explore and develop four individual concession blocks of the Hajigak iron ore deposit.
Business planning for DABS and IFC
EMG was engaged as Team Leader to lead the Corporatisation of Afghan Gas. The professional team included international experts (financial, accounting, engineering, market, legal) and national (social and personnel). The project covered management of due diligence and full assessment, gas market study with household survey, legal and regulatory assessment, industry and strategic advice to government agencies, generations of options for corporatisation and restructuring, gathering political support, extensive review of previous projects and capacity building on commercial and management topics.
We set up a petroleum contract monitoring and site inspection system to help the APA management their petroleum contracts, containing 11 manuals and 8 appendices. We also delivered training in the use of the system, including exercises and a mock emergency.
Design, preparation and delivery of executive Mini MBA in Oil and Gas for executives from the Ministry of Mines and Petroleum and the Afghan Petroleum Authority.
Preparation of promotional material summarising and setting out the state of the petroleum sector in Afghanistan and the opportunities for investors and new entrants. We evaluated existing data to confirm their accuracy and suitability, then drafted hydrocarbons promotional literature. We also delivered training on aspects of hydrocarbons to Ministry staff.
We analysed and highlighted each of the main export markets for Petroleum products into Afghanistan, in particular those from Central Asian Countries, namely Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Russia and Iran. We highlighted the potential petroleum products market demand in Afghanistan and we produced a balance of duty paid imports and exempted products into the country.